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An Initiative A Day 3.4: Initiative 3.4: Identify, evaluate, and—where appropriate—pursue the reuse of vacant and abandoned industrial sites endowed with significant preexisting infrastructure

February 1, 2014 in Vibrant NEO 2040, Vision

On February 25, the NEOSCC Board will be voting on the the Vibrant NEO 2040 Vision, Framework and Action Products.  With just under 40 days to the vote and 41 initiatives in the vision, we thought it would be good to create a countdown to the vote.  Everyday over the next 5 weeks,  we will be sharing an “Initiative A Day” with you so you can gent a better understanding of the vision and framework!  If you would like to read all of the Initiatives, you can download them here Vibrant NEO_Recs&Init_010114.

Show your support for Vibrant NEO 2040 by adding your name to our Champions of Vibrant NEO 2040 list here!

These recommendations, initiatives, and products, are not one-size-fits all and some aspects of the initiatives won’t be applicable everywhere in the 12-county region.  The Vibrant NEO 2040 Vision, Framework and Products are intended inspire and guide decision-making at the Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO), Council of Government, and local levels to ensure that land use, transportation, and environmental considerations are simultaneously addressed by their processes. Ultimately, the implementation of Vibrant NEO 2040 is up to Northeast Ohio’s communities and residents. But regardless of the applicability of each initiative to any particular part of the region, the goal for each community within the Vision is the same: stability, prosperity, and a high quality of life for all of its residents.

Recommendation 3: Pursue the remediation, assembly, marketing, and redevelopment of abandoned properties at both the local and regional levels

Initiative 3.4: Identify, evaluate, and—where appropriate—pursue the reuse of vacant and abandoned industrial sites endowed with significant preexisting infrastructure that could provide unique opportunities for regional economic development. Advocate for a brownfield redevelopment fund and promote these sites through a large-scale marketing campaign.

WHAT THIS MEANS. Northeast Ohio needs to develop a comprehensive regional strategy for reuse of vacant industrial sites. A strong first step would be to conduct an inventory and evaluation of such sites to identify where the highest-impact economic development opportunities exist. A resource already exists through NEOSCC’s effort to develop a seamless region-wide map and system for representing parcel-level land use and occupancy status. In developing an Industrial Resource Inventory and evaluating site conditions, the following attributes of each site and its surrounding context should be considered:

+        Size of underlying parcel(s);

+        Regularity of underlying parcel(s) shape;

+        Prior industrial use(s) of the site;

+        Contamination or probable contamination;

+        Proximity to streams and wetlands;

+        Proximity to major road and rail infrastructure;

+        Proximity to existing transit lines and bus routes;

+        Availability of existing utilities (water, sewer, electric power, natural gas and fiber)

+        Type of community in which the site is located (strategic investment area, asset risk area, cost risk area);

+        Contiguity with other vacant industrial or commercial land;

+        Structures or landscapes of historic significance; and

+        Degree of agglomeration.

In addition to identifying and evaluating sites, this initiative would require investigation and action into reuse strategies, ranging from appropriate organizational models for acquiring and holding vacant industrial land, funding and/or financing for brownfield redevelopment, and marketing of development-ready sites.

WHY THIS IS IMPORTANT. The reuse of vacant and abandoned industrial sites is an especially vexing and important issue for Northeast Ohio communities. A large share of the region’s industrially-zoned land is structurally vacant. This places extraordinary stress on communities, as it represents absence of potential employment, loss of income tax revenue for municipalities’ school and libraries, and continued liabilities for infrastructure service and maintenance. Compounding the problem is the question of how to remediate contaminated sites, a process that adds years and untold expense onto redevelopment efforts.

Organizing to address the problem of vacant and abandoned industrial sites at a regional scale would relieve some of the considerable financial and administrative burden on individual municipalities as well as potentially accelerate the pace with which such properties are redeveloped.

LOCAL EXAMPLE: Opportunity Corridor

The Opportunity Corridor is one of the region’s most ambitious redevelopment and adaptive reuse projects. Transportation aspects of the Opportunity Corridor were discussed in initiative 2.1. Over 225 acres of blighted and substantially abandoned property has been designated a Brownfield Redevelopment Area. This area is plagued by abandoned industrial buildings, vacant housing on compact urban lots, and crumbling public infrastructure. With the introduction of a new commercial roadway connecting into the existing smaller scale city grid, this neighborhood will be more accessible and reconnected enabling it to be redeveloped as a job-producing district with light industrial and research and development facilities.

As Discussed in Initiative 2.1 While the project proposal envisions both substantial adaptive reuse of existing properties and the intensification of existing land uses, the major public investment proposed is limited to the development of a new highway. An infrastructure planning strategy that incorporates the full range of transportation modes will be the appropriate approach for most urban employment corridors and centers.

 

 

An Initiative A Day 3.1: Identifying and tracking vacant and contaminated industrial land

January 29, 2014 in Vibrant NEO 2040, Vision

On February 25, the NEOSCC Board will be voting on the the Vibrant NEO 2040 Vision, Framework and Action Products.  With just under 40 days to the vote and 41 initiatives in the vision, we thought it would be good to create a countdown to the vote.  Everyday over the next 5 weeks,  we will be sharing an “Initiative A Day” with you so you can gent a better understanding of the vision and framework!  If you would like to read all of the Initiatives, you can download them here Vibrant NEO_Recs&Init_010114.

Show your support for Vibrant NEO 2040 by adding your name to our Champions of Vibrant NEO 2040 list here!

These recommendations, initiatives, and products, are not one-size-fits all and some aspects of the initiatives won’t be applicable everywhere in the 12-county region.  The Vibrant NEO 2040 Vision, Framework and Products are intended inspire and guide decision-making at the Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO), Council of Government, and local levels to ensure that land use, transportation, and environmental considerations are simultaneously addressed by their processes. Ultimately, the implementation of Vibrant NEO 2040 is up to Northeast Ohio’s communities and residents. But regardless of the applicability of each initiative to any particular part of the region, the goal for each community within the Vision is the same: stability, prosperity, and a high quality of life for all of its residents.

Recommendation 3: Pursue the remediation, assembly, marketing, and redevelopment of abandoned properties at both the local and regional levels

Northeast Ohio’s regional economy has long been defined by industry, and thus was especially susceptible to the economic restructuring of American manufacturing. Vacant and contaminated industrial land dot Northeast Ohio’s legacy cities. The question of these lands’ remediation and reuse is intimately related to how the region will strengthen its core cities and towns, a central objective of the Vibrant NEO 2040 vision. Similarly pressing is the volume of vacant commercial and residential land, or “greyfields,” a byproduct of the region’s economic transition and a direct consequence of outward migration.

Fortunately, the region has several sources of inspiration on which to draw, both from within and from peer regions. Some areas have enjoyed success in reinvigorating their manufacturing base with a 21st century, d high-tech edge. Others have focused on rehabilitating salvageable buildings as residential and commercial space. A smaller, but still significant number have opted to reposition abandoned and polluted industrial land as a landscape of ecological tourism.

Northeast Ohio must develop a multi-stakeholder, regional approach to dealing with vacant and abandoned properties to position its communities for success in the future. It can incorporate many of the strategies developed and refined already in various pockets of the region and throughout the country, but it will require cooperation and trust, good and constantly maintained information, and investment. The region should consider the following initiatives related to reusing vacant former industrial land:

Initiative 3.1: Develop and maintain a regional vacant industrial and commercial properties database and criteria for determining the most appropriate successive use, whether for redevelopment, green infrastructure, food production, parks, or natural areas.

WHAT THIS MEANS. Northeast Ohio possesses significant data assets related to vacant and contaminated land. These data are generated and maintained by a wide range of organizations, some using geographic information systems (GIS) and some not. County auditors and municipal departments maintain records of ownership, use, and value and tax history. Land banks and economic development entities track demolitions and occasionally contamination, sometimes assigning qualitative attributes to parcels that can be useful to understanding on-the-ground conditions. County engineers and municipal public works departments might maintain information on easements and presence and conditions of publicly-maintained infrastructure. These sources of information are highly useful to all parties involved in the development process, but remain siloed. The regional parcel-based land use and land value database compiled by NEOSCC could be a useful starting point, but to remain a useful tool for policy and development recruitment, the database needs constant updating by contributing partners.

The City of Indianapolis, Indiana implemented a successful site locator service based on information management systems it developed within City government and in partnership with local foundations, community development corporations, and business development entities. The site locator tracks retail, office, and industrial sites that are vacant or on the market, along with purely vacant land zoned for any of those uses. Search parameters include size of property (in square feet and acres), location within particular community development areas, and whether the property is available for lease or sale (citation: Indy SiteFinder, City of Indianapolis, http://imaps.indygov.org/ed/ed.asp?bhiw=1920&bhih=1108).

WHY THIS IS IMPORTANT. Good and standardized information is critical for planners, public officials, developers, and employers alike. It is essential with complex, multi-stakeholder problems such as the reuse of vacant urban land. The process of constructing a vacant land database would provide impetus for data stakeholders to communicate, share, and begin to standardize collection methodologies and classification schemes. By establishing a common platform of knowledge on which dialogue and consensus-building can take place between stakeholders, a vacant land database would contribute enormously to the region’s economic prosperity by sending a valuable signal to the market regarding the region’s capacity to collaborate with private-sector stakeholders.

GETTING IT DONE. A regional vacant and industrial properties database should integrate data from municipalities and counties, land banks and possibly land conservancies, parks authorities, and state agencies. Data could rest on a common web-based platform with other data products and be used to inform decision-making on everything from vacant land reuse, land bank property sales, and urban agriculture, and include a public-face version used to aid in marketing sites and districts to developers and prospective large employers. Given the jurisdictional complexity of this initiative, an economic development partnership such as the Fund for Our Economic Future or Team NEO should lead the effort, coordinating with NEOSCC and consortium members, particularly COGs, to convene the appropriate stakeholders. Data and information support could come from universities in the region.

POLICY: Develop and promote innovative clean up strategies: Developing and promoting innovative cleanup strategies that restore contaminated sites to productive use, promote environmental stewardship, and reduce associated costs while minimizing ancillary environmental impacts from these cleanups. Consider cleanups in the context of the larger environment and consistently and pro-actively apply more sustainable methods to remediate the site while still protecting public health and the environment and striving to achieve the established cleanup goals.

Lead

Chambers of Commerce/Economic Development Organizations; Universities; Nonprofit Organizations; Councils of Governments

Target Community

Strategic investment areas, asset risk areas

Implementation Complexity

Low